Advanced Dental Care of Bradenton
109 44th Avenue East, Suite 200, Bradenton, FL 34203

Glossary of Dental Terms

Abscess

An infection in a tooth, often accompanied by swelling and inflammation.

 

Abutment

Tooth or tooth root that supports or stabilizes a bridge, denture, or other prosthetic appliance.

 

Adhesive Dentistry

Process in which composite resin is adhered to the existing enamel of a tooth. This can be used to repair or improve the appearance of a tooth.

 

Allergy

An abnormal reaction of the body to a drug or foreign substance.

 

Anesthesia

General or local insensibility to pain, induced by certain interventions or drugs to permit the performance of surgery or other painful procedures.

 

Anterior Teeth

The six upper and lower front teeth. These consist of incisors and cuspids.

 

Bicuspid or pre-molar

Any of eight teeth located in pairs on each side of the upper and lower jaws between the cuspids and molars.

 

Bonding

A procedure for restoring the discolored or damaged surface of a tooth by coating it with composite resin that adheres to the existing enamel.

 

Bridge

An artificial replacement of a missing tooth or teeth, attached by cement or composite resin to natural teeth or roots adjacent to the space.

 

Crown

1.             The part of a tooth that is covered by enamel and not covered by gum tissue.

2.             An artificial substitute, as of gold or porcelain, which entirely covers the anatomical crown of a tooth

 

Cuspid or canine

The four pointed or conical teeth also commonly known as ‘eyeteeth’.

 

DDS

Doctor of Dental Surgery

 

Dentin

Hard tissue that forms the inner layer of the structure of a tooth and is situated beneath the surface enamel

 

Dental implant

A metal screw (often titanium) that is surgically anchored in the gums or jawbone to support a dental appliance or replace a missing tooth.

 

Denture

An artificial replacement of some or all of the natural teeth

 

Disease of the gums

Periodontal disease (also called “Gum Disease” or “Periodontal Disease”) involves bacterial growth (a colorless film, called “plaque”) that gradually destroys the tissue surrounding the teeth. If not removed, plaque builds up on the teeth and ultimately irritates the gums and causes bleeding. If left untreated, bone and surrounding tissue will decay, resulting in loose teeth, or worse, tooth loss. More than 75 percent of Americans over 35 have some form of gum disease.

 

DMD

Doctor of Dental Medicine

 

Enamel

The hard layer covering of the crown of a tooth.

 

Endodontics

The area of dentistry concerned with the treatment of the dental pulp or nerve of the tooth.

 

Endodontists

Endodontists are dentists who have additionally 2-3 years of training following dental school and typically limit their practice to root canal therapy and root canal surgery. Very often Endodontists earn a graduate degree (Master’s degree) as well as specialized certified training. While some Dentists perform root canals themselves, generally Dentists will refer a patient requiring Endodontics to a trained Endodontist.

 

Filling

A substance, such as metal, porcelain or resin, that is used to replace lost tooth structured caused by decay.

 

Gingivitis

Inflammation of the gums.

 

Halitosis

Bad breath

 

Incisors

The four front teeth in either the upper or lower jaw.

 

Malocclusion

Faulty contact between the upper and lower teeth, causing these teeth to be misaligned.

 

Mandible

The lower jaw

 

Maxilla

The upper jaw

 

Molars

Teeth for grinding food, located in the back of the mouth on either side.

 

Nerve (root) canal

Hollow passage inside of a tooth, inhabited by nerve tissue.

 

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Surgery to correct a wide spectrum of diseases or injuries upper jaw or face.

 

Oral Surgeon

An Oral Surgeon (“Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon” or OMFS) first receive their training in dentistry and then continue further specialization in treating the areas of the mouth, jaws and the face as well as associated structures. While Oral Surgeons often additionally go on to study medicine and may go so far to take a Medical Degree (MD), a medical degree is not required for an OMFS to practice. Oral & maxillofacial surgery is universally recognized as a one of the nine specialties of dentistry.

 

Orthodontics

Orthodontics is an area of dentistry that involved the treatment of improper bites (“malocclusions”) making use of a variety of devises, most commonly, braces, to move teeth or adjust underlying bone. The word comes from the Greek words ortho meaning straight and odons meaning tooth.

 

Orthodontist

Orthodontists first complete 4 years of dental school training (DDS). Orthodontists additionally complete 2-3 of residency training focused on the specific treatment and realignment of misaligned teeth with devises including braces, retainers and other methods.

 

Overbite

Condition in which the upper incisors overlap the lower ones.

 

Pediatric Dentistry

The practice of dentistry on children.

 

Pediatric Dentist

Pediatric Dentists (or Pediodontists) study an additional 2 years in a residency program following their graduation from dental school. As specified by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, Pediatric Dentists study advanced diagnostic and surgical procedures, along with child psychology and clinical management, oral pathology, child-related pharmacology, radiology, child development, management of oral/facial trauma, care for patients with special needs, conscious sedation and general anesthesia.

 

Periodontics/Periodontist

Periodontists typically study for an additional 3 years following dental school. During their clinical training, Periodontists are involved in learning both the treatment, as well as prevention techniques for periodontal diseases. Periodontists may also study advanced surgical techniques such as periodontal plastic surgery, and dental implant placement.According to the American Academy of Periodontology there are currently 52 institutions offer advanced training programs in periodontics in the United States

 

Periodontal Disease(also known as Periodontics)

Periodontal disease, also called “gum disease”, involves bacterial growth (a colorless film, called “plaque”) that gradually destroys the tissue surrounding the teeth. When plaque builds up on the teeth, it can result in gum irritation and possibly bleeding. If left untreated, bone and surrounding tissue will decay, resulting in loose teeth, or worse, tooth loss

 

Plaque

Deposit of saliva, food and bacteria that accumulates on the teeth in the from of a whitish, sticky substance.

 

Prosthodontics

The area of dentistry that deals with the replacement of missing teeth or jaw structures by bridges, dentures, or other artificial devices.

 

Prosthodontist

Specialist who must complete dental training (DDS) and then continue for an additional 3 years of specialty training in the area of prosthodontics (i.e. implants, esthetic and reconstructive dentistry). Cosmetic dentistry, implants and joint problems all fall under the field of prosthodontics

 

Root

The embedded portion of a tooth that connects it to the jaw.

 

Root Canal

The space inside the root of the tooth. This space contains the pulp.

Also, this is the term commonly used for root canal therapy, a procedure in which the nerve and tissues are removed from the canal and replaced with filling material.

 

Splint

Means of securing one or more loose teeth to one or more healthy, secure teeth.

 

 

Tartar

Calculus on the teeth; a hard, yellowish substance that attracts plaque.

 

TMJ

Temporomandibular joint syndrome and TMJ joint disorders are medical problems related to the jaw joint. The TMJ connects the lower jaw to the skull.

 

Veneer

A thin layer of plastic or porcelain applied to the outside of the tooth for aesthetic purposes.

 

Wisdom Teeth

Third molars; the last teeth to appear in the mouth. These teeth usually appear between the ages of 18 and 25. They are so called because they appear later in life when a person is physically mature.

 

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
The treatment I get is always first class as are Keisha and the rest of the staff.
Anthony M.
The office staff was nice. The hygienist was knowledgeable and gentle. Dr. Blackenburg was thorough, compassionate, and prompt.
Kristine T.
Dr. Shapiro is a great dentist who has worked miracles in getting my mouth back in shape. Keisha has been terrific at keeping my teeth cleaned up and […]
James J.
On time and great job.
Stephen G.
Quick,painless and proficient.
Michael G.
Excellent experience for an extraction!
Dan M.
On time and very professional.
Stephen G.
Kisha always does and outstanding cleaning on my teeth. She's the very best !!!
Michael P.
I haven't been to a dentist in 12 years because of my fear of dentists. The whole staff was very welcoming and made me feel at ease and less anxious. […]
Jennifer R.
short and sweet explained what was needed and various options to choose from.
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two thumbs up...always well taken care of
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Couldn't ask for better service.
Stephen C.
very nice people. It was my first time there.
Joseph L.
Dr. Blackenberg and assistant have been great.
Robert H.
From a friendly smile and welcome by Julie, to my gentle root canal performed by Dr. Shapiro, again my experience was brief, friendly, thoughtful, […]
Amber K.
Very good. Staff and doctor were very kind.
Jennifer V.
Excellent care and my teeth feel and look great thanks to the team
Brent C.
Dr. Shapiro and his staff are very knowledgeable and kind and more than willing to explain all prices and procedures in detail. I have heard many […]
Ken P.
Very please with service. Office staff is very nice and helpful.
Colby W.
I was very happy with all aspects of my visit there.
Walter E.
One of the best dental practices I have ever been a patient with
John(jack) D.
The people and the doctor were outstanding... as comfortable as I have ever been at a dentist.
John B.
Excellent, professionally friendly service. Recommended treatment & all costs fully described up front.
Bjorn A.
great people and service
Ed W.
Great Service and Frieny
Timesha D.
Thank you! Very friendly staff.
Jessica B.
Personable, proffessional, courteous dental care. Each and every visit without exception.
Michael P.
Good and caring staff!!
Emma W.
Advanced Dental is like a family. I have been a patient since early 2000. Everyone is very capable and put you at ease.
Lynda M.
Everything went perfectly well with my gum surgery. Taken in before my appointment and done in an hour with no problems. Care is great.
Robert N.
Great and friendly service as always
Robert B.
It was my first time at this office and I loved the people there!
Karen F.
Was very pleased with my visit. The staff super friendly and knowledgable. Keep up the great work!
Wayne C.
Very courteous and efficient.
Pat H.
My entire process went well. Everyone was very nice, caring, and helpful!
Marquis E.
My appointment was on time the staff and doctor was informative and professional.
Walter W.
I originally came for an additional opinion of my teeth; and was satisfied with this. I am in the process of getting 3 new front crowns. I have temp […]
Cass M.
Professional friendly service as always.
Neil K.
Could not have asked for a better experience.
Robert N.
I had a root canal in office and it was, by far, the best dental experience I've had. Painless, kind, thoughtful, helpful, and understanding, dentist […]
Amber K.
Dr. Blackenburg was wonderful, as well as his assistant.
Karen F.
Pleased with the care that I received and the professionalism and friendliness of the staff.
Cuc J.
I was there to have a tooth pulled to prepare for braces. Dr. Blackenburg and his assistant were awesome! I didn't have any pain throughout the whole […]
Sheleen O.
It is never pleasant going to the dentist but I could not pick one better
Anthony M.
Everything was done with great care and no pain.
Kathie G.
Everyone was very courteous and knowledgeable in their job positions. Dr. Galloway was very professional and answered all my questions related to my […]
William D.
I'm a 49 yo woman who decided to get braces. Chad was the one to put the brackets on yesterday. It was pretty much painless, just took a little […]
Sheleen O.
Great service.... We love Kesha
Mahesh P.
Always receive professional and thorough service.
Richard L.
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